Myofascial Pain

Muscular pain is a major component of chronic pain. It can be associated with other painful conditions or can present alone. Can lead to severe spasm and restrict activities due to pain
Causes
1. Muscular injury- sports, gym, weight lifting etc.
2. Bad posture- computer use, prolonged sitting, fine workers etc
3. Nutrition, vitamin deficiency
4. Other neurological diseases
5. Associated with other causes of back pain, neck pain, joint pain etc

A Myofascial trigger point
Myofascial trigger point is a hyper irritable spot usually within a skeletal muscle and is painful on compression. It can give rise to referred pain, motor dysfunction and autonomic phenomenon.
Treatment modalities include dry needling, trigger point injection with local anesthetic and corticosteroids, FENS, ultrasound massage and physical therapy.
Complex Regional Pain Syndromes (CRPS)
It may occur after an injury to arm or leg (CRPS-1) or in the absence of injury (CRPS II). Symptoms include hyperalgenia, burning pain in arm or leg, changes in colour, temperature and texture of affected swelling, swelling, joint stiffness and muscle atrophy. Early treatment and physical rehabilitation produces excellent results.